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Título: A geografia do Maracatu-Nação de Pernambuco : representações espaciais e deslocamento de elementos no Brasil e no mundo
Autor(es): Ferreira, Cleison Leite
Orientador(a): Anjos, Rafael Sanzio Araújo dos
Palavras-chave: Maracatu;Globalização;Identificação
Data do documento: 3-Aug-2018
Data de defesa: 29-Nov-2016
Editor: Universidade de Brasília
Citação: FERREIRA, Cleison Leite. A geografia do Maracatu-Nação de Pernambuco: representações espaciais e deslocamento de elementos no Brasil e no mundo. 2016. 232 f., il. Tese (Doutorado em Geografia)—Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, 2016.
Resumo: Maracatu-Nação is an Afro-Brazilian cultural expression of the Metropolitan Region of Recife (RMR), in the state of Pernambuco. It is defined by a royal procession formed by black king and queen, that parade in the Carnival accompanied by members of the royal court, by standards and a percussive part. Despite the persecution they suffered in the 19th and 20th centuries and the folklorists representations that insisted in saying that this cultural expression would disappear in a near future, the Maracatus-Nação became numerous and strengthened and being currently symbol of Pernambuco cultural identity. Since the 90s of the 20th century, there has been the formation of maracatu groups in different Brazilian states, such as São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, and in other countries such as the UK and Germany. The objective of this Thesis is to present the geography of the Maracatu-Nação and identify and analyze the spatial dynamics involved in the formation of maracatu groups in Brazil and worldwide. For its development, field works was carried out in the RMR Nations and groups of Brazil, Ireland, England and Germany, where the spatial aspects of the cultural expression itself and the spatial dynamics were observed and recorded. We used a theoretical and conceptual framework of territory, culture and cultural identity and the process of globalization and its impact on cultural identity, understood as dialogic and dynamic in the space. The spatial representation was through maps and photographic records, which helped in the identification and interpretation of the reality. The results of this research showed that the Maracatu- Nação has its well-defined geography in the slums and communities of central areas and suburbs of RMR that define territories full of meanings. It was also noted that this cultural expression, when enters the public spaces in the days of Carnival, carries its symbolic universe present in the constituent elements and sets also a geography of spectacle. It was found also that the maracatu groups in Brazil and other countries are the result of the contemporary globalization process, which entails shifting elements and flows of people from Maracatus-Nação and groups, with interconnections and transfers of knowledge related to the Maracatu-Nação. Consequently, there is the formation of a net-territory that links groups and Nations worldwide. It was identified that the differentiation between Maracatus-Nação and maracatu groups, the scalarity is an important key. This is because Pernambuco Nations refer to the local scale, while groups refer to the national and international scales. Thus, this Thesis considers that the process of globalization, despite the attempt of cultural standardization, cannot distribute in different contexts a cultural expression in its essence, but to play it incompletely and little relational with the local territory. In addition, it was found that numerous changes have occurred to the Maracatus-Nação in Pernambuco, such as insertion of new musical instruments, the use of new designs and materials of the clothes, participation of people from different spatial contexts and ethnic references, which cannot be understood as a mischaracterization. They are reinvention of traditions and proof that Maracatus are in a dynamic and dialogical relationship with the local and global contexts. Thus, in view of the globalized system, which attempts to suppress local cultures, Maracatus use strategies of resistance and continuity of their practices in the metropolitan area of Recife.
Etapa/Modalidade: Ensino Medio
Appears in Collections:09.06.02 Teses

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